Dating hasty generalization
The reality, despite appearances to the contrary, is that indirect instruction is still teaching.In the teacher's opinion it is superior to direct instruction.See "What the Doctor Ordered" for an example of a discrepancy between appearance and reality.The philosopher John Dewey once passed on this story that he had heard from a teacher about a principal's failure to make this distinction: As a high school teacher in algebra I had what I thought was an unusually successful recitation, because the pupils were doing all the work. The principal came in and did not see me doing anything.The relevant rule that it violates is: Claims should be based on evidence and reasoning.Awareness of the difference between appearance and reality, or what is and what seems to be, is key to critical thinking.This sort of critical awareness is key to critical thinking.Without relevant choices one cannot make informed judgments.
An argument that reasons that because there is no evidence against a belief, then one is warranted in believing that it is true.She or he did not write down the first thing that came to her or his mind. One even can--with practice--recover the choices made by an author and then assess them. Analysis (from a Greek word that means "a loosing") is an intellectual activity much valued by philosophers, which consists of understanding a concept or situation by identifying its constituent parts.S/he considered alternatives, choosing the one that best fit her or his purpose. we would probably expect an article about the Chancellor speaking on drugs. "The Chancellor speaking on drugs" is also ambiguous.) We would expect an article about a speech on the issue of drugs. Thus a term can be defined by identifying what is implicit in the concept.For instance, in "What the Doctor Ordered" the nurse could have accepted the explanation that the doctor was "weaning" the patient from the respirator but, based on her knowledge of medical procedures, she figured out that the prescribed procedure would result in the patient's death.Also, by considering alternative interpretations, one can come to understand that an intelligent author made informed choices.
Whereas, a valid form guarantees that, if the premises are true, the conclusion will be true.